Basic Information
Site Name Mittelberg
Public Yes
Entity Name Gottesacker
Entity Type settlement
Topography
  • hilltop
  • Entity Alternative Name
  • Alpe Schneiderkuren
  • Comment The protected place in the Gottesacker area is an ideal camp of prehistoric hunters and shepherds. According to the radiocarbon data, the Abri was visited in the late 6th and 5th millennium (late Mesolithic), in the 2nd millennium (Bronze Age) and in the late 1st millennium BC. The traces of the stay are evident not only in the small number of holdings, but also in the remains of structural structures, including hearths, charred wooden beams, post wedges and stone lintels, which may be associated with a simple dry wall replacement. A nice finding is two post stains, which are shifted parallel to the rock face. The stone pinnacle appearing in this flight could have formed another abutment for a roof leaning obliquely against the rock face by means of wooden beams. A dominant morphological phenomenon is formed by an average 100 cm wide and 80 cm deep ditch, which stretches south of the rock and at the same time forms the boundary of the storage area. He is of natural origin. A trickle may have washed it out again and again. Occasionally the northern edge of the ditch will have been pruned, as evidenced by signs of rockfall. In the bottom area of ​​this sandy backfilled trench most of the small finds in the form of fragmentary stone implements came to light, while the actual storage area is only sporadically equipped with it. This explains the position of the stone tool manufacturers, who pursued this work primarily outside the dwelling and at the same time also used the ditch as a landfill. Due to erosion, the finds are largely stored in a secondary situation. The type spectrum of stone tools indicates a consistently small-scale industry, as it generally corresponds to the Alpine middle Stone Age. The basic forms consist of blade deductions, which were prepared secondarily to specific devices. The most common forms include insert blades that served as reinforcement on throwing sticks and arrow shafts. Scratches, scrapers and drills were used in the processing of skins and animal hides. The classic narrow blade or lamella formed the universal cutting tool. A first overview indicates that the raw materials of the Silices were mostly sourced from the Bavarian Alpine foothills. The find also contains faunistic macro-remains, which are to be interpreted as food waste. Accordingly, the red deer, roe deer and chamois were among the most popular hunting animals. Sheep and goat are among the grazing animals.
    Dating
  • Austria | Austria | Bronze Age (unspecified)
  • Austria | Austria | Iron Age (unspecified)
  • Austria | Austria | Late Bronze Age (unspecified)
  • Austria | Austria | Early Iron Age (unspecified)
  • Certainty
    Entity Type Certainty 2 - basic: data from only one method and without relevant comparisons
    Dating Certainty 2 - basic: data from only one method and without relevant comparisons
    Location Certainty 1 - high: data from more complementary methods and/or with relevant comparisons
    GeoJSON {"type": "FeatureCollection", "crs": {"type": "name", "properties": {"name": "EPSG:4326"}}, "features": [{"type": "Feature", "properties": {"identifier": "OE_06009.E0001", "name": "Gottesacker", "pk": "39"}, "geometry": {"type": "MultiPolygon", "coordinates": [[[[10.1085951806817, 47.3640587418376], [10.1198390008722, 47.3753359883355], [10.136747646502, 47.3681281294568], [10.1329710962091, 47.361791375413], [10.1260188104425, 47.362547175049], [10.1128867151056, 47.3619657916746], [10.1085951806817, 47.3640587418376]]]]}}]}