Basic Information
Site Name Fließ
Public Yes
Entity Name Stuemerareal
Entity Type funerary site
Burial Type inhumation burial
Burial Construction
  • pit
  • Topography
  • lowland
  • Entity Alternative Name
  • Stümerareal
  • Comment Inside the building  a round pit with a diameter of approx. 1.35 m and a depth of approx. 0.80 m was recognized during the excavation of the oldest soil or the overlying fire, which was covered with a stone packing at the top. At the bottom of the pit, in a shallow trough-like depression, the remains of a human came to light. The dead man is a male who died around the age of 40 to 50 years. The dead man was placed in a narrow stool with his legs and arms strongly bent, in a slightly lateral position and facing south, embedded in the pit. The dead man's head lay to the east. In the right shoulder area a bone artifact was found. It is a long bones of a not yet determined animal. This bilaterally fractured bone has regular incisions and could have been worn around the neck in secondary function as a pendant (amulet?). The right upper arm was apparently intentionally laid down animal bones, including the pelvic bucket of a sheep or a goat, which has animal bite and cut marks. Using anthropological test results and a C14 dating, it was found that the man had a strong stature; his body height was about 1.60 m. Exceptional pathological changes were not observed, apart from osteoarthritis of the right big toe, which had formed as a result of a fracture. However, perimortal fractures of both shins and the right fibula, as well as in the chin and occiput, allow conclusions about the use of force. These fractures either occurred shortly before the death of the person, or even caused death, or after the person's demise, at a time when the organic components of the bone were still intact. For example, one could think of injuries during the funeral process. The excavation findings suggested that the pit would have to be older than the primary floor - it will be assumed a wooden floor. The C14 date, however, gave a calibrated age of 380 to 200 BC, which means that the person died sometime in the 4/3 century BC. Thus, it can be assumed that the man has been buried inside the building. About the background and causes of this procedure, the archaeological findings are no indications to wrestle. It is best to speak neutrally of a special burial, for which speak not only the unusual location and the manipulation of the body, but also the fact that in the Fritzens-Sanzeno culture the fire burial is customary and the dead are buried in burial grounds usually. But there were apparently exceptions, after all, one knows a similar finding from Brixen-Stufels (South Tyrol), where in an Iron Age building two people - one handcuffed - found their final resting place in a grave pit below the floor.
    Dating
  • Austria | Austria | Iron Age (unspecified)
  • Certainty
    Entity Type Certainty 2 - basic: data from only one method and without relevant comparisons
    Dating Certainty 1 - high: data from more complementary methods and/or with relevant comparisons
    Location Certainty 1 - high: data from more complementary methods and/or with relevant comparisons
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